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Spray Irrigation Reports

Watson & Associates Report

Municipal Class “C” Environmental Assessment

Public Information Centre #1 & 2:

Water Distribution System

Westport’s water distribution system is based on an elevated water tower, which permits a gravity-fed pressurized system. Only system pumps are well pumps.

  • Tower capacity 6-8 hours supply; major renovations ($550K) completed in 2005
  • Distribution piping approximately 5.2 km; almost all installed 1972; entire system is PVC plastic pipe
  • Water source is two (2) municipal wells adjacent to Westport Arena and Lockwood Field

Water Distribution Building on Concession Street

  • Groundwater treatment is chlorine only; with ultra-violet ray (UV) scanning added over the next  six (6) to twelve (12) months
  • System constructed in 1972; services approximately 285 customers

Drinking Water System

White water

White or milky water

Why does my drinking water look cloudy sometimes?

Once in a while, you get a glass of water and it looks cloudy; maybe milky is a better term. After a few seconds it miraculously clears up! The cloudiness might be caused by the water in the pipes being under a bit more pressure than the water in the glass, but is more likely due to tiny air bubbles in the water. Like any bubble, the air rises to the top of the water and goes into the air above, clearing up the water. Cloudy water, also known as white water, is caused by air bubbles in the water. It is completely harmless.

It usually happens when it is very cold outside because the solubility of air in water increases as water pressure increases and/or water temperature decreases. Cold water holds more air than warm water. In the winter, water travels from the reservoir which is very cold and warms up during its travel to your tap. Some of the air that is present is no longer soluble, and comes out of solution.

Also, water pressure has something to do with it. The water in the pipes is pressurized to a degree (which helps to get the water all the way from the water tower to your home). Water under pressure holds more air than water that is not pressurized. Once the water comes out of your tap, the water is no longer under pressure and the air comes out of solution as bubbles (similar to a carbonated soft drink). The best thing to do is let it sit in an open container until the bubbles naturally disappear.

– USGS Water Science School

Cloudy water caused by tiny air bubbles in the water is not harmful to health.

How do I know if cloudiness is really because of air?

There is a really simple way to check whether milky white water is due to the release of dissolved air. Fill a clean glass with tap water and place it on the worktop. You will notice that the water clears from the bottom of the glass as the bubbles rise slowly to the surface. The effect can be seen in the photograph below.

Cloudy water

Water and Wastewater

  • freeze crystallization technology; approximately 265 customers
  • 2 lagoons; one (1) original (1972); one (1) constructed 1995, employed for efficient storage
  • Treatment building (1995) – includes piping; compressor and pumps; high pressure mixing of air and effluent
  • Dispersion towers (7), constructed in 1995, the effluent is directed by automatic control to an assortment of seven (7) towers, depending on climatic conditions where it is dispersed on the deposit area in a frozen crystallization form

Wastewater Pumping Station

  • has a single force main from a pumping station on Glen Street
  • Collection system piping (approx. 4.8 km) was constructed in 1972; designed to gravity feed the pumping station

Westport By-Laws Relating to discharge into Sewer System

Land Drainage/Sewer – By-Law #85-23
No person/business is permitted to discharge (dump) into land drainage works, drains or connections to any sewer, sewer system or sewage works for the carrying away of domestic sewage or industrial wastes, such as oil, fat, grease of animal or vegetable origin; oil, grease, and tar of mineral origin; or any other matter capable of obstructing or interfering with the proper operation of any part of the sewage works; as outlined in By-Law #85-23. Any person found guilty of an offense under the provisions of this by-law shall be subject to a penalty of up to $300 for each offense.

Discharge of Storm Water – By-Law #85-18
No person shall cause or permit the discharge of any storm water, including surface water, groundwater, rain runoff, foundation drain or other subsurface drainage including any unpolluted cooling or heating water or unpolluted industrial process water into the Sewage Works of the Ministry. By-Law #85-18. Any person found guilty of an offense under the provisions of this by-law shall be subject to a penalty of up to $200 for each offense.

By-Law #85-22 – Sanitary sewer, shall mean a sewer which carries sewage and to which storm and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.